What is Patient Monitoring?
Patient monitoring is a set of systems that consistently monitor a patient’s vitals. It’s characterized by wires connecting patients to a screen monitor that evaluates their heart rate, oxygen levels and saturation, blood pressure levels, and body temperature.
Needless to say, it’s of great consequence to have health monitor systems, so hospital patients must be monitored at all times in the hope of better controlling sudden risks like blood pressure drops or sudden tachycardia or bradycardia. Any patient inside the emergency room is at risk of becoming worse or more seriously ill, and a bedside monitor can help avoid those serious problems or at least control them.
Bedside monitors are excellent when it comes to the early diagnosis of certain conditions, by helping healthcare professionals better understand the patient’s situation and medical condition.
How is a Patient Monitor Read?
As mentioned previously, a patient’s monitor is responsible for showing their vitals. The heart rate is symbolized as HR, or PR, as in pulse rate, and this is what measures the number of heartbeats every minute. It also records any heart rate changes and sounds an alarm if the normal heart rate was exceeded. Not only that, it also demonstrates for you the electrical activity of the heart. Healthcare professionals can even print out records of new or old recorded electrical activity. If a patient were having an arrhythmia, for example, it would instantly show on the screen monitor.
Using the data a patient monitor shows, you as a healthcare professional will be able to tell whether or not a patient is free from heart or lung problems, by taking a look at their heart rhythm and breathing patterns.
In addition to that, a patient monitoring system shows you a patient’s blood pressure levels, from the Diastolic blood pressure, the Systolic blood pressure, to the average of both. The systolic blood pressure is the average amount of pressure the heart releases while beating, whereas the diastolic blood pressure is the average amount of pressure the heart releases inside the artery wall in between beats. If by any chance the blood pressure value is above or below the normal average, the system will give a signal.
A patient monitoring system also keeps track of a patient’s breathing patterns and oxygen levels, or as some might refer to it, peripheral perfusion.
Technicians, and caregivers can also use patient monitoring systems to track peripheral perfusion. This provides an effective way to ensure that a patient’s breathing patterns and oxygen levels are always stable.
On the monitor, it is symbolized as SpO2. Peripheral perfusion measures how much of the oxygenated blood is being transferred to the rest of the body, and offers the healthcare professional an idea of how efficient the heart muscle is performing. Each peak of the SpO2 wave represents a single heartbeat.
Forms of Patient Monitoring Systems
We offer a wide scope of patient monitoring systems, like a vital signs monitor and a regular patient’s monitor. We also offer a variety of oximetry and capnography monitors.
Our very own capnography monitors assess how much carbon dioxide is present in a patient’s breath. They are considered as an essential when it comes to patient monitoring. You can find them anywhere like emergency rooms, operating rooms, critical units and ambulances.
Normally, there are two forms of patient monitoring systems. The first one is a single parameter monitoring system that regularly monitors a patient’s SpO2 levels and keeps a constant recording of the heart’s electrical activity, and the other one is the multi-parameter monitoring system, which monitors even more critical signs, like respiration rate and blood pressure.
It’s important to note that there are specialized patient monitoring systems for out-of-clinic use. This is usually useful for patients who prefer being treated at home. This is also helpful for people who do not have the best financial situation, and patients that do not have to stay in the hospital for long periods of time. This remote patient monitoring system mainly monitors patient heart rate and electrical activity.
Technological Advances in Bedside Monitors
In a more advanced version of a patient monitoring system, a healthcare professional would be able to read the patient’s respiration waveform. This is usually present in monitoring systems in critical units. It’s there to identify if a patient has any breathing cessation or dyspnea, which is shortness of breath.
To top that off, monitoring systems are advancing with time to finally reach anesthesia monitoring, bedside ultrasonography, and neuromuscular monitoring.
More research has shown that the technological advances of bedside monitoring like non-invasive cardiopulmonary monitoring, capnography, transcutaneous monitoring and near infrared spectroscopy have led to decreased and more controlled complications.
Non-invasive cardiopulmonary monitoring has technologically advanced in a way that helps physicians more accurately identify cardiopulmonary problems. Going deeper into cardiac monitoring, transesophageal echocardiograms allow physicians to get a direct, clear view of the heart muscle for a more precise identification of abnormalities. It has all been evolving so quickly, that scientists are now looking at artificial intelligence (AI) as a way to monitor patients. It helps cardiologists assess serious potential dilemmas in the heart and blood vessels.
Transcutaneous monitoring is non-invasive and is usually used to constantly monitor a patient’s oxygen and carbon dioxide levels. New transcutaneous monitoring systems are now designed in a way that uses lower temperature levels, which decreases the likelihood of a skin injury happening.
In a different manner, anesthesia monitoring is a very essential factor during surgeries. Not only do they monitor the patient’s vital signs, but they also monitor the transfer of substances into the patient’s system and track their quantities.
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